The 1974 and 1982 sessions of the National Council for Higher Education and Scientific and Technical Research, presided over by President Ahmadou Ahidjo (Cameroon’s head of state at the time), called for the creation of professional associations and a National Academy of Sciences. This call was not heeded until 1990 when a group of 12 Cameroonian scientists and scholars met in Douala at the end of the Pan-African Conference on Agriculture and Agricultural Research in Africa, organized by the African Academy of Sciences (AAS), to discuss the possible creation of the Academy. The influence of the AAS inspired the scientists and scholars attending the conference to give substance to the call first made more than 16 years earlier.
Under the leadership of Prof. Victor Anomah Ngu, the 12 scientists held their first meeting on 9th November 1990, and laid the foundation for the Academy. On 5th January 1991, the constituent assembly of the Academy ratified the decision of the Douala group and adopted the draft statutes. The Cameroon Academy of Sciences (CAS) was formally recognized (Reg. 00701/RDA/Jo6/BAPP) on 29th May 1991 by the Cameroon government in accordance with law No. 90/053 of 19th December 1990, regulating freedom of association. The Academy was finally inaugurated on 10th February 1993 under the chairmanship of the Prime Minister and head of government, Mr. Simon Achidi Achu. The Academy has 85 members (76 men and 8women) who are divided into the Colleges of Biological Sciences (40), Mathematical and Physical Sciences (22), Social Sciences (22) and 1 honorary. The election of new members occurs every year.
The vision of the Cameroon Academy of Sciences is to be the prime mover of science and technology – synthesis of scientific knowledge and making it available to decision and policy makers about investments and priorities in science and technology, and promoting the use of science and innovation in the economic, social, and cultural development of Cameroon.
The mission of the Cameroon Academy of Sciences is to promote excellence and relevance in science and technology and to provide advice to the government.
The Academy produces robust forum and committee advisory documents and reports on priority problems and issues and delivers them to policy and decision makers and the public. The independence, highly qualified membership, multidisciplinary composition, and rigorous procedures for objective and unbiased analysis enable the Academy to effectively deliver credible advice.